The ideal as an inclusive tool. From Kant’s aesthetics to contemporary ethical puzzles


The article (1) analyzes Kant’s notion of ideal, in particular through the Critique of the power of judgment (paragraph 1) and the Critique of pure reason (paragraph 2), (2) proposes a reading of the notion of ideal through the notion of abstraction, the notion of mediocritas, the relationship between aesthetics and ethics and dualism (paragraphs 3 and 4), and argues for a promising use of the ideal as an inclusive tool when we legislate on ethics (paragraph 5).